Josh Bitelli: STOPTOBER
'CIGARETTES YOU BUY ON THE STREET MAY CONTAIN ANIMAL DROPPINGS'*
17/09/2016 - 22/10/2016
Curated by Rosanna Puyol
[To understand] what advertising means is dependent on finding out how they mean, and analysing the way in which they work.
In the case of advertising materials distributed by the state, this how, or their form, is the way in which that policy is delivered to the electorate - it’s about mediation and contact. Content is often interchangeable and cannot be separated from its form. The deceptive mythology of advertising requires us to believe that an advert is simply a vehicle for a message even when this message is clearly untrue.
The 600 images covering the floor of Union Centre are taken from records of the Department of Health’s most pressing concerns. They are reproduced here from an extensive archive of pamphlets, posters, stickers, envelopes, beer mats, post-cards and stamps, all of which have been photographed through their archival-grade, plastic sleeves.
Omitted from this collection are the materials that do not fit so easily within the medical archive and museum: the televised ads, large format prints, instagram images or posts by Public Health England’s ‘obesity’ twitter. ‘Their very existence in more than one medium gives them a sort of independent reality [linking] them to our own lives’. The scale of the influence of these campaigns, and how this then effects doctor-patient relationships, is yet to be adequately examined.
Advertisements work to ‘translate statements from the world of things’**: flies equate to rotting flesh, degradation, horror and abjection, they are decomposers and feed on faeces or the dead. They are usually repelled by smoke but here, through photomontage techniques, the smoke leaving the cigarette is like a soul leaving the body. Our senses are disrupted by this rearrangement of images and possibility is mistaken for actuality.
Healthcare practitioners are highly-trained and skilled in the practice and rehearsal of semi-scripted dialogue, the Guide to the Medical Interview and the Mental State Examination are examples of documents that form the foundations of our fictive lives.
In 2012 the coalition government made revision to the Care Act that attempted to replace the ‘statutory duty to provide health care’ instead with a ‘duty to promote healthcare’.*** Although this alteration was contested, the promotion of healthcare and the language of competition are not new constructs.
Dr Michael Fitzpatrick, writer and retired GP, in conversation suggested that Tony Blair’s self-prolaimed ‘greatest achievement of his first thousand days in office was the establishing of NHS direct, a service that provided no medical care or treatment whatsoever. What it did do was acknowledge people’s anxieties about their health, a recognition by government that a way of establishing a point of contact with an atomised and alienated electorate was through the medium of health.’**** The NHS Direct service was discontinued in March 2014.
* Pamphlet, 2007.
** Judith Williamson, Decoding Advertising.
*** Allyson M Pollock & David Price, BMJ 2011;342:d1695 (regarding the coalition government’s Health and Social Care Bill 2010-11)
**** Dr Michael Fitzpatrick, Transcript from an informal conversation, London, 28.08.16.
Alex Symons Sutcliffe
Last Minute Print
Satellité of Love